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E:CO is interested in receiving work from a wide range of perspectives:

  • Theoretical and practitioner based;
  • Both conventional and unconventional methodologies;
  • Case study work;
  • Approaches to teaching management or leadership;
  • Work covering a variety of organizational types, size and ownership;
  • Cross cultural studies and work from Australasia, Africa, Central and South America and the Far East as well as the USA and Europe.

We ask that authors set their paper clearly within the context of the notion of complexity and complex systems, however they chose to define such, and that the practical implications and transferable lessons from their work be clearly described.

Note that quantitative studies (including those which focus on survey results and related statistics) are not suitable for E:CO. Authors are limited to one mathematical formula per paper (additional formulae may appear in the technical appendix). If you wish to submit work of a quantitative nature, please represent it qualitatively. Figures and tables should be illustrative. Quantitative and statistically based submissions will be returned without review. Each article in E:CO will be accompanied by space on the E:CO web site for additional materials and discussion forums.


All submissions are electronic.

Suggested length is 4000 to 5000 words. Review pieces and essays should be 2000 to 3000 words. Note: additional material considered relevant and/or related by the author(s) can be posted on the web site, which will be associated with each accepted article. The author(s) will be responsible for securing all necessary permissions for material to be posted on the web site.

All submissions must be in either MS Word (6.0 or later) or Corel WordPerfect (6.0 or later). All manuscripts should be formatted as typed, 11 or 12 pitch, double-spaced (including references) on 8 1/2 by 11 inch white paper with margins of at least one inch on all four sides; or if on A4 paper, with appropriately adjusted margins, as all origination for printing will be done in the USA. Electronic submissions should be sent to: Kurt Richardson (Managing Editor). No hard copies are required for submission.


Front Matter:

First Page:

Title of paper, name and position of author(s), author(s’) complete address(es), email contacts, fax and telephone number(s), and any acknowledgement(s) of assistance. Second Page: A brief biographical sketch of each author including name, degree(s) held, title or position, organization or institution, previous publications, and areas of research interest. Third Page: Title of paper without author(s’) name(s) and a brief abstract of no more than 150 words.

Body of Text:

The text and page numbering will begin on the fourth page (as page #1), with major headings centered on the page and subheadings flush with the left margin. All headings and titles should be typed with upper and lower case. Do not use all capitals. Bibliographic citations should be integrated into the text as indicated below. In the extreme case that an explanatory note is needed, it must be formatted as an endnote. All endnotes must be approved by the editor before final submission.

Technical Appendices:

Technical appendices may be used to include mathematical or highly technical material which supports the main text but which is not critical to the reader’s interpretation of the text. Note that technical appendices will only appear on the E:CO web site and not in print.

Tables and Figures:

Each table or figure should be placed on a separate page and numbered consecutively beginning with Table 1 and Figure 1. A table or figure should not be included unless it is referred to in the text of the article. Placement in the text should be indicated as follows:

[Figure 1 about here]

Footnotes in tables or figures should be designated by lower case letters. Each table and figure must have a title and a number. The table or figure number and title should be typed on two separate lines, using upper and lower cases, as follows:

Figure 1
The Interplay of Competing Frameworks

In the event that complicated tables or figures are used within the text, please submit to the editor 3 copies of a high resolution print-out (preferably a 600, or better, dot-per-inch laser copy) as the original may need to be used for printing purposes.


References within the text should include the author’s last name and year of publication enclosed in parentheses, e.g. (Meddaugh, 1986). If practical, place the citation just ahead of a punctuation mark. If the author’s name is used within the text sentence, just place the year of publication in parentheses, e.g., "According to Meddaugh (1986)..." If a particular page or section is cited, it should be placed within the parentheses, e.g., (Meddaugh, 1986: 48). For multiple authors, use up to two names in the citation. With three or more authors, use the first author’s name and et al.; (Meddaugh, et al., 1989).

An alphabetical listing of references should appear at the end of the manuscript, with each author’s surname first and year of publication following all authors’ names. Work by the same author with the same publication year should be distinguished by lower case letters after the date (e.g., 1983a). Works by the same author should be listed latest to earliest, and the author’s name should appear with each reference (do not use naked underscores). Examples are as follows (please note that all books must have their ISBN included, also add journal ISSN where known):

Crissy, W. J. E. and Kaplan, R. M. (1969). Salesmanship: The Personal Force in Marketing, ISBN 0471187550.

Richardson, K. A., Tait, A., Roos, J. and Lissack, M. R. (2005). "The coherent management of complex projects and the potential role of group decision support systems," in K. A. Richardson (ed.), Managing Organizational Complexity: Philosophy, Theory, and Application, ISBN 1593113188, pp. 433-458.

Ingram, T. N. and Bellenger, D. N. (1983). "Personal and organizational variables: Their relative effect on reward valences of industrial salespeople," Journal of Marketing Research, ISSN 0022-2437, 20(May): 198-205.

If you have trouble finding journal ISSNs then try entering the journal's name within inverted commas and "ISSN" into google. For example:

"Journal of Management" ISSN

More often than not the journal's ISSN can be found in the first result. Sometimes a little more research is needed. Journal Seek is also another excellent resource for locating journals. makes finding book ISBNs very easy. If cannot provide the correct ISBN then sometimes you will have better luck using If for some reason you cannot lay your hands on the physical book from which the reference was taken (which should happen rarely - referencing from memory often leads to mistakes!) and Amazon can provide an ISBN for a different edition, then please use the ISBN for the most current version of the book (this will make it easier for any reader who might like to obtain the book referenced). If the year of the most current version is different from the reference year then please add the current version year in brackets after the ISBN number. For example:

Russell, B. (1960). An Outline of Philosophy, ISBN 004192035X (1979).

For internet references the name, year accessed, article title, and web link are needed. Please make every effort to ensure that the link has been verified recently. The web is a dynamic environment and web addresses change frequently. ISCE Publishing is currently considering whether it will capture all referenced web pages in one place so that they can still be found even if the original site has moved or been deactivated. An example of an internet reference is:

Lucas, C. (2007). "Quantifying complexity theory," quantify.htm.

Internet content is rarely peer reviewed and so poses some challenges (both positive and negative) for the conventional model of research. If possible please avoid references to unreviewed online content.

Failure to format references correctly may create delays in the publication process.

Please note that as of Volume 9 (2007) the publisher, place, state are no longer needed for book publications. These are ONLY needed if an ISBN is not available for a particular book. E:CO staff are always available to assist if needed, so don't expend too much effort in searching for that ultra rare publication.


The Editors and Managing Editor will review all submissions for suitability. Manuscripts deemed suitable are reviewed independently by members of the editorial review board, and their recommendations guide the Editors in their acceptance decision. The reviews performed by the board are double blind — neither authors nor reviewers know the identity of each other.

On submission authors will also be asked to recommend 3-4 reviewers to participate in an open review process. If agreeable, these reviewers will submit their comments online. These reviewers will be aware of the authors' name, and their reviews will be posted in the members forum for anyone to see.

All reviewing for E:CO is done electronically. Authors will be updated via email.